We have seen successive governments promising to reform education system, but unfortunately no sincere effort has been made so for, contrarily successive government has worsened the situation by unnecessary political interference in education system. Local district level education department administration runs on the mercy of local MLAs and politician who have created groups in education department on party basis. There are serious issues, especially in government run institutions where the strength of the students have drastically reduced due to poor performance of teaching staff and district level education department administration. Transfers, appointments and promotions are done on political basis and teachers are more concerned to serve their local political leaders than to fulfill their professional responsibilities. There are serious issues, but can be resolved if problems are identified, diagnosed and appropriate corrective measures are taken without wasting more time. It is appropriate to first highlight the problems and then solutions for short and long term improvement of education system in AJK or even in any part of the world.
PROBLEMS AND ISSUES:
SOLUTIONS AND MEASURES REQUIRED FOR CURRENT PROBLEMS FOR IMPROVEMENT IN EDUCATION SYSTEM:
Nothing is impossible in today’s most advanced world where every single information is just one click away. There are best models available to give best performance, only will ,vision and appointment of right people for right task is required to achieve desired objectives. Let us discuss all above problems, one by one with appropriate solution for each.
1.Teachers appointment system: Teaching is a noble profession , which shapes the character of individual and hence plays most important role in character building and in broader sense in real nation building. A real teacher, knows the potential and aptitude of his pupils and trims his personality by guiding him accordingly .Following procedures if applied and implemented can produce best result in appointment of teachers.
2.Teachers Training: There is no institution or training center for teachers on district level. Teachers are appointed even as head of institutions without any management or administrative training. Following recommendations if applied and implemented can bring better results in improving teachers skill and level of their understanding.
3.Requirement oriented syllabus, continuous improvement required: This is the most important point which needs serious attention, so that syllabus is revised and continuously updated as per changing requirement of technological advancement and social changes in the society. Following measures can address this issue efficiently.
4.Head of Institution/Headmasters Selection Procedure: Head of institution has to manage whole institution, which requires extraordinary administrative and management skills in addition to academic excellence. Any teacher who is promoted and appointed as head of institution on the basis of his seniority can. Following recommendations if implemented can bring excellent results for improvement.
5.Lack of skills enhancement facilities: In most of the schools , neither teachers are trained nor there are facilities to enhance daily life skills in students. A student completing ten years of education hardly finds himself to work in a factory, office or even in his own farm. Following recommendations if implemented can bring good results for improvement in skills of students.
6.Lack of integration of religious schools with normal school system: Because of parallel education systems, we are producing a divided society with two different thinking. In order to create harmony and brotherhood in the society we need to integrate religious schools with normal school system. Following measures could help us in this regard.
7.Lack of creativity exploring opportunities: This is a very important issue and is not addressed in most of the schools .Majority of the God gifted potentials remain unexplored in most of the students and they usually opt profession which even they don’t like. No one in their schools or colleges even tried to explore their God gifted potential. In my view following recommendations would help to explore hidden potential of students anywhere in the world.
8.Lack of character building: Purpose of education is to produce human beings to make this world a better place to live, but education without improvement in character building is producing commercially oriented masses which have no purpose in life and spend their lives like machines. Following measures needs to be implemented in true letter and spirit:
9.Lack of competitive facilities: Competition and competitive environments helps youth to explore their potential. Following recommendations would help to achieve this purpose:
10.Lack of facilities for extracurricular activities: In most of the schools there are very little facilities for sports and other extracurricular activities. Following recommendations would help to address this issue.
11.Lack of monitoring expertise and skills: Monitoring and controlling performance of schools is very important to improve performance of institutions and it needs certain skills and tools. In today’s communication age it is very easy provided the monitoring staff is trained and provided facilities accordingly. Following recommendations if implemented could bring positive rsult.
12.Lack of training for administrative and monitoring staff: At present there is no special institution available in whole AJK which can train DEOs , AEOs and other administrative staff for proper monitoring. In this regard I have following recommendations for improvement.
13.Shortage of technical training institutes: When we are talking about issues of education system, shortage of vocational and technical training institute is also a major concern, due to which students after secondary education don’t find a useful path to follow. A very minor % who have good grades have chances to reach medical or engineering, whereas in actual almost 90 % of student, even with very low grade, opt for engineering and medical. Resultantly after failing in HSSC and wasting almost two years they look for other option.Following points if implemented can bring very good results for youth to get jobs at home and abroad as well.
Political interference in education department: This is a serious concern which has destroyed government run institutions in Azad Kashmir. Following measures are recommended to minimize political interference.
Issues are complex and need continuous struggle with support of intellectuals and academia to bring change gradually in education department of Azad Jamun and Kashmir .